Packaging and environmental protection in the most

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A brief introduction to packaging and environmental protection in foreign countries

the relationship between packaging and environmental protection has received great attention in developed countries. They are not only supported by laws and regulations, but also supported by economic strength, humanistic ideas and other factors. The following is a brief introduction to the packaging situation of the two countries

Germany strictly controls packaging waste

a large amount of packaging waste has caused waste of resources and environmental pollution. Germany avoided 1million tons of packaging in 1992 and 1993 through the implementation of packaging regulations; From 1993 to 1995, about 13million tons of commodity packaging waste were utilized through this system. German law stipulates the principle of "who produces, who recycles". Germany uniformly distributes household garbage cans, small household garbage cans, and large household garbage cans with many people. Each household pays a monthly garbage removal fee. Since 1992, Germany has implemented the "green dot" recycling method. They printed a unified "green dot" sign on the package of the commodity, indicating that the manufacturer of the commodity has paid for the recycling of the commodity. The cost paid by these producers establishes a system of recovery, classification and reuse, and the companies that operate this system are non-profit. After using the "green dot" sign, residents put the goods into special yellow plastic bags, and the "green dot" system has special personnel to collect them from each household regularly. The packaging materials of "green dot" include aluminum, iron, white iron sheet, plastic and so on. "Green dot" is not a "green product". On the contrary, German eco food companies and stores have never bought "green dot". Because the packaging they use is environmentally friendly. The significance of the "green dot" system is that products are legally determined, and the producers and operators of commodity packaging are obliged to take back and use the used products

Germany has enforced the deposit system since January 1, 2004. Customers should pay the corresponding deposit when purchasing all mineral water, beer, coke and soda packaged in plastic bottles and cans, and get the deposit when returning empty cans. However, because spirits and wine composites play an important role in the field of plastic processing and plastic machinery, and the bottle recovery rate of milk and fruit juice is much higher, they are not included in the deposit system. According to statistics, the global consumption of plastic packaging alone is more than 30 million tons a year. China is the fourth largest plastic producer in the world, with an annual output of 15million tons, of which 30% is used for packaging. 70% of these plastic packages are discarded after one-time use

the deposit system is not only to urge customers to return empty beverage cans and improve the recycling rate, but also to let Germans change their consumption habits of using disposable beverage packaging and choose more reusable packaging. Although disposable packaging can be reused after recycling. However, it also increases repeated transportation and production, resulting in great energy consumption

2 Japanese food packaging pays attention to environmental protection

in Japan, food packaging is not only good-looking and practical, but also environmental protection has become an important factor for the packaging industry. When packaging food, Japanese businessmen now try to use raw materials that do not decompose and produce corrosive gases to pollute the environment. For example, paper bags are used to replace plastic containers, reducing the cost and technical difficulties of collecting used packaging to the factory for recycling. Packaging design has also played a great role in this regard

90% of milk in Japan is sold in paper packages with creased lines, which is a good education. This kind of easily flattened packaging not only has low production cost, but also can reduce the occupied space, facilitate transportation and recycling, and reduce transportation costs. Yakutt health drink, the most common drink in Japan, also uses a cup-shaped container with a tear bottom. After tearing the bottom, people can easily flatten the container for recycling. A beverage package called eeopae is now widely used. The package consists of 10 o% recycled cardboard boxes and bags for drinks in the boxes. That is, the so-called bagincarton/box. The main purpose is to allow people to easily separate the paper box from the bag, which is easier to deal with when sent for recycling. At present, most of the alcoholic beverages on the Japanese market use this kind of packaging. Another new packaging design that has begun to be accepted by Japanese consumers is standing, bag/pocket. Since opening the bag is easier to overflow the internal liquid than opening the bottle, the openings of the bag are specially designed to facilitate opening. This kind of bag packaging is mainly to replace plastic bottles that reach more than 100 kg per cubic meter. Compared with the two, the plastic consumption of the former is only 1/5 of that of the latter. In addition to beverages, many edible oils sold in Japan are also packaged in composite paper. The use of plastics is greatly reduced

source: China health supervision and health

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