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Drone drivers, AI technicians, big data engineers... 13 new jobs have been announced, which has a great impact on your children's choice of major and employment

UAV driver, AI technician, big Data Engineer... 13 new occupations have been announced, which has a great impact on your children's choice of major and employment

artificial intelligence engineering technicians, big data engineering technicians, UAV drivers... These have become new occupations recognized by the state

recently, the Ministry of human resources and social security officially released 13 new occupations, which are the first batch of new occupations released since the promulgation of the 2015 edition of the national classification of occupations

the Ministry of human resources and social security recently released 13 new occupations, which means that your children can have more choices about the majors and occupations they can apply for in the future

these new occupations are mainly concentrated in the high-tech field, including sometimes popular IOT engineers and technicians, cloud computing engineers and technicians, e-athletes, as well as industrial robot system operators and agricultural managers who adapt to the changing needs of traditional industries and will gradually increase the proportion of high nickel ternary materials in the future

d, batch experiment: why set a new occupation for samples with the same parameters? As a provider of human resources, how does the school prepare and respond

According to the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of human resources and social security, new occupations refer to occupations that are not included in the code of occupational classification of the people's Republic of China, have a certain scale of employees in social and economic development, and have relatively independent and mature professional and skill requirements that require taking samples in the warp direction, weft direction, sewing edge direction and sewing bottom direction of woven bags. Establishing a new occupational information release system is an international common practice and an important part of the dynamic adjustment mechanism of occupational classification

in 1999, China issued the first professional classification code, which included 1838 occupations. After 2010, the state launched the revision of the grand ceremony. In July 2015, the 2015 edition of the grand ceremony was issued. In the past four years since the promulgation of the 2015 edition of the grand ceremony, with economic and social development, scientific and technological progress and industrial restructuring, new industries, new forms and new models have bred new occupations, and it is urgent to restart the release of new occupation information

in recent years, with the extensive use of artificial intelligence, IOT and big data, the related high-tech industry has become a new growth point of China's economy. Four new professional and technical occupations came into being, including artificial intelligence engineering technicians, IOT engineering technicians, big data engineering technicians and cloud computing engineering technicians

in many traditional industries, the upgrading of technology is causing changes in traditional occupations, such as the extensive use of industrial robots, and the sharp increase in the demand for industrial robot system operators and system operators, making them an emerging profession in the front line of modern industrial production

the wide application of informatization has also derived new occupations. For example, driven by international events, E-sports has become a huge emerging industry. The increase in the number of E-sports operators and the professionalization of E-sports players are imperative

it is noted that the definition of the new occupation and the description of the main work tasks do not contain the requirements for the educational level of employees, but it is not difficult to see from the description of the main work tasks that the talent training required by the new occupation involves both higher education and vocational education

"the release of new vocational information is conducive to promoting the reform of vocational education and vocational training, promoting the adaptation of specialty setting and curriculum content to social needs and the actual production of enterprises, promoting the quality of vocational education and training, and realizing the close connection between talent training and social needs." The head of the Ministry of human resources and social security said

a number of ordinary colleges and vocational colleges have opened related majors

as the education field at the end of talent training, how to respond to the talent needs of new occupations

it is noted that early metallographic analysis: microstructure analysis, macro structure analysis, non-metallic inclusion analysis, grain size, coating thickness, fracture analysis, etc. in April last year, the Ministry of Education issued the action plan for artificial intelligence innovation in Colleges and universities, propose "Strengthen the professional construction in the field of artificial intelligence. Promote the construction of 'new engineering' and form a new training mode of 'artificial intelligence +x' composite majors. By 2020, build 100 'artificial intelligence +x' composite specialty; promote the construction of textbooks and open courses in important directions; by 2020, compile 50 international first-class undergraduate and graduate textbooks, and build 50 national quality open courses in the field of artificial intelligence; in Vocational Colleges and universities Add AI related contents to the majors related to data and information management, and cultivate technical talents in the field of AI application ". In 2018, the Ministry of education identified the first batch of 612 "new engineering" research and practice projects, of which 57 artificial intelligence projects were constructed

according to the filing and approval results of undergraduate majors in general colleges and universities in 2018 recently released by the Ministry of education, a total of 96 colleges and universities have newly filed "intelligent science and technology" majors, and 101 colleges and universities have newly filed "robot engineering" majors

in the field of vocational education, according to the record results of higher vocational specialty setting in 2019 released at the beginning of this year, 399 higher vocational schools with "big data technology and application" majors, 207 "cloud computing technology and application" majors, 498 "IOT application technology" majors, 568 "industrial robot technology" majors, 209 "UAV application technology" majors, and 76 "E-sports and management" majors were registered this year, 343 "urban rail transit" related majors. Although there is no major directly under the name of artificial intelligence, the catalogue of Higher Vocational Education (junior college) majors in general colleges and universities added the major of "virtual reality application technology" in 2018, and 71 colleges and universities opened this major for the first time in 2019. Another 169 colleges and universities have set up the specialty of "intelligent control technology", which has shown a rapid development trend year by year since its establishment in 2013

it is understood that in order to meet the needs of national economic and social development and industrial transformation and upgrading, and further improve the pertinence of technical skills training, the Ministry of education has also revised the current professional catalogue of secondary vocational schools. Liu Yiguo, deputy director of the teaching materials office of the Research Institute of the vocational and technical education center of the Ministry of education, told: "This round of revision work is mainly to analyze and sort out the changes in the demand of scientific and technological progress, industrial upgrading and economic and social development for the cultivation of secondary vocational level talents, compare with the latest version of the occupational classification code, connect new occupations, serve new formats and new models, optimize and adjust Secondary Vocational Majors, add new ones, enhance them, and eliminate them. At present, an exposure draft has been issued for public comment, and then according to The feedback will be further revised and improved in combination with the new career released this time. The catalogue of Higher Vocational Majors is now dynamically updated every year. "

the acceleration of career renewal brings new challenges to talent training

the China AI development report 2018 released by the China Science and Technology Policy Research Center of Tsinghua University shows that in 2017, the scale of China's AI market reached 23.74 billion yuan, an increase of 67% year-on-year; According to the 2018 white paper on Cloud Computing Development released by the China Academy of information and communications, the overall market size of cloud computing in China reached 69.16 billion yuan in 2017, with a growth rate of 34.32%. With the rapid growth of the market, there is also a huge talent gap

the increase of new occupations has made those heads of higher vocational colleges who are sensitive to the market see the challenges of transformation and upgrading, and the transformation of old and new drivers to education

"objectively speaking, identifying new occupations is the need to adapt to the development of emerging industries." Wu Xusheng, Dean of Changzhou Institute of engineering and technology, said. "In the future, there may be such a picture that a large number of new occupations will appear on the market and a large number of traditional occupations will die out." Said Deng Qingning, Secretary of the Party committee and President of Huizhou City Vocational College in Guangdong Province

Deng Qingning analysis: "A considerable part of the 13 new occupations are oriented to the field of digital economy and artificial intelligence. This is the fourth industrial revolution - the leading occupation in the era of digital economy. For the school, the top priority is to digitally reengineer the existing majors. At the same time, to adapt to the new economy and open new majors with digital characteristics. At present, our school has 10 majors within this range. Of course, education is oriented to the future, so it stays in the back It is not enough to meet the needs of the industry. Vocational education should be leading. In this regard, we still have a long way to go. "

"I understand that specialty setting should grow in the development of technological formats, standardize in the growth, and lead in the standardization." Fengxinguang, President of Rizhao vocational and technical college, said, "however, there are certain difficulties at present, especially for Vocational Colleges in third and fourth tier cities, such as industrial robots, artificial intelligence, cloud computing and other majors, although we are very concerned about them and intend to open them, the dilemma is the lack of teachers and the support of relevant enterprises."

Feng Xinguang believes that in order to meet the challenges brought by new technologies and industries, vocational colleges should adhere to the open school running, take the initiative, dance with the market, connect with the economy, interact with the industry, build a dynamic mechanism for specialty setting and adjustment, timely respond to the demands of society and industry for talents, adjust talent training modes and programs, and reconstruct the curriculum system and curriculum construction that meet the needs, So that it can quickly respond to the needs of new technology, new economy and new business forms

Author: Gao Liang, Jiao Yixuan

: Gu Jun

: Zhang Peng

source: China Education Daily

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